Berto Jongman: Defense Science Board Report on Baby Steps Toward Resilient Military C4I Systems

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Berto Jongman

Berto Jongman

Defense Science Board Task Force Report:

Resilient Military Systems and the Advanced Cyber Threat

EXTRACT

After conducting an 18-month study, this Task Force concluded that the cyber threat is serious and that the United States cannot be confident that our critical Information Technology (IT) systems will work under attack from a sophisticated and well-resourced opponent utilizing cyber capabilities in combination with all of their military and intelligence capabilities (a “full spectrum” adversary). While this is also true for others (e.g. Allies, rivals, and public/private networks), this Task Force strongly believes the DoD needs to take the lead and build an effective response to measurably increase confidence in the IT systems we depend on (public and at the same time decrease a would-be attacker’s confidence in the effectiveness of their capabilities to compromise DoD systems. This conclusion was developed upon several factors, including the success adversaries have had penetrating our networks; the relative ease that our Red Teams have in disrupting, or completely beating, our forces in exercises using exploits available on the Internet; and the weak cyber hygiene position of DoD networks and systems. The Task Force believes that the recommendations of this report create the basis for astrategy to address this broad and pervasive threat.

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Mar 7

Steven Aftergood: Open Source Intelligence Act III

Steven Aftergood

Phi Beta Iota:  Act I was 1988-1993.  Act II was 1993-2011.  Act III began with the publication of NO MORE SECRETS with a Foreword by Senator Gary Hart (D-CO).

Below the line in full (or click on links to originals):

OPEN UP OPEN SOURCE INTELLIGENCE

THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF OPEN SOURCE INTELLIGENCE

 

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Aug 25

Marcus Aurelius: Defense Downsizing, Retirement

Marcus Aurelius

Two core references for DoD going forward, both from the Defense Science Board (DSB).

Corporate Downsizing Applications for DoD

Military Retirement Final Presentation

Phi Beta Iota:  Defense can drop to $300 billion a year without any major issues.  All it takes is integrity across the board.  Military retirement–as with CIA and FBI and Secret Service retirement–is long over-due for severe change.  In the military only 4% of the force suffers 80% of the casualties, and that is the only part of the force that merits early retirement while also correcting the criminal neglect of ill and disabled veterans that continues today.  It merits observation that in the absence of a population strategy and policy, no retirement program can be said to have a strong foundation.

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Aug 5

Reference: Open Source Agency (OSA) II

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Amazon Page

This book remains the single definitive reference on the Smart Nation Act as developed by Robert Steele in support of Congressman Rob Simmons (R-CT-02).   As pointed out in Hamilton Bean’s recently published book,  No More Secrets: Open Source Information and the Reshaping of US Intelligence the Open Source Agency (OSA) has become the subject of competing visions–on one side, those who favor accountability, effectiveness, transparency, and respect for the public…..on the other, those who favor corruption, profitable waste, secrecy, and the exclusion of the public.

The simplified public articles are three:  1995 GIQ 13/2 Creating a Smart Nation: Strategy, Policy, Intelligence, and Information; 2002 TIME Magazine The New Craft of Intelligence and 2006 Forbes Blank Slate On Intelligence.

The back-up book, the one intended to help the Department of Defense transform itself, INFORMATION OPERATIONS: All Information, All Languages, All the Time has since been supplemented by two briefings, 2009 DoD OSINT Leadership and Staff Briefings.

Amazon Page

Most recently, INTELLIGENCE for EARTH: Clarity, Diversity, Integrity, & Sustainability provides the strategic, operational, tactical, and technical contexts for leveraging both Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) and Multinational, Multiagency, Multidisciplinary, Multidomain Information-Sharing and Sense-Making (M4IS2) in order to create a prosperous world at peace–and at one third the cost of what the USA spends on war today.

This book had two pre-cursors, 2002 THE NEW CRAFT OF INTELLIGENCE: Personal, Public, & Political and 2010 COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE: Creating a Prosperous World at Peace.

That book has since been supplemented by a chapter, 2010 The Ultimate Hack Re-Inventing Intelligence to Re-Engineer Earth, in the just-published book, Counterterrorism and Open Source Intelligence; and by two articles and a monograph from the U.S. Army Strategic Studies Institute, all three found at 2010: Human Intelligence (HUMINT) Trilogy Updated.

If an OSA is created–it can only be a success under diplomatic auspices as OMB has twice agreed (provided the Secretary of State asks for it as a sister agency to the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG), it could–it should–host the Multinational Decision Support Centre (MDSC) as proposed to DoD and implicitly called for in several Defense Science Board (DSB) reports.  The MDSC  could be located in Tampa, Florida, as the Coalition Coordination Centre has been, but staffed by intelligence professionals instead of logistics professionals.

Put most simply, an OSA restores intelligence and integrity to the entirety of the US Government, and changes everything about how we do policy, acquisitions, and operations.  It restores the Republic.

See Also:

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Jul 31

Defense Science Board to DoD: Get Brain + RECAP

Michael Ostrolenk

Advisers urge military to rely less on drones, more on expertise

Eli Lake, 1 June 2011

The Washington Times

Military operations in Afghanistan rely too much on intelligence gathered by unmanned drones, often exclude important publicly available data and do not focus enough on the recruitment of human agents, a Pentagon report says.

The report by the Defense Science Board, a panel that advises the Pentagon, says that the defense budget does not properly direct funding for open-source intelligence collection – information available to the public and gathered from a wide variety of sources, including academic papers and newspapers.

“Overall, these problems tend to exclude valuable sources of social and behavioral science data, including human geography,” according to the report.

It also says analysts often are overwhelmed by the volume of data collected by ball-shaped sensors outfitted on the bottom of military aircraft and from high-tech camera and radar pods placed on blimps and sometimes even telephone poles. While the technology has helped pinpoint and kill enemy combatants and to detect cellphone conversations on the battlefield, its created a “a crisis in processing, exploitation, and dissemination” of the information.

Read full article….

DSB  May 2011 Counterinsurgency (COIN) Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Operations

Click on Image to Enlarge

Phi Beta Iota: There is NOTHING NEW here.  All of this was in General Al Gray’s seminal article, “Global Intelligence Challenges in the 1990’s” (American Intelligence Journal, Winter 1989-1990) and in the original modern intelligence reform book, ON INTELLIGENCE: Spies and Secrecy in an Open World (AFCEA, 2000).  Joe Markowitz continues his polite urgings on the importance of open source intelligence, but in this corrupt environment he is as effective as Brent Scowcroft with Dick Cheney.  The Department of Defense is OUT OF CONTROL.  It lacks intelligence and integrity.   This will not change until we get a Secretary of Defense committed to intelligence and integrity; OR we get an honest President, a Congress that fulfills its Article 1 responsibilities, and an Open Source Agency that can empower the public the way that Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and George Mason all agreed was necessary if the Republic were to be preserved.

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Jun 1

2009 Defense Science Board Report on Creating an Assured Joint DoD and Interagency Interoperable Net-Centric Enterprise

See the General Accountability Office (GAO) report on the DoD “grid” of the future as being unaffordable, unachievable, unrealistic in its aspirations, and generally a waste of the taxpayer’s money.  This is a great report, especially for the techno-inclined, and it has exactly one phrase that sums it all up but is not fully appreciated:  “We are no longer network-enabled, we are network dependent.”  So this report begs the question, why are we persisting in trying to fund, build, and maintain unilateral secret systems that do not allow multinational and interagency information-sharing and sense-making?  Why are we not addressing the complexity, congestion, and easily disrupted global commerce grid upon which we rely so heavily?  [See Stephen Carmel’s brilliant presentation on this point.}

Network-Dependent

Network-Dependent

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Mar 15

2009 Defense Science Board Report on Understanding Human Dynamics

This report is so out-of-character for the Defense Science Board (DSB), and yet so vital to the emerging concept of “full-spectrum” Human Intelligence (HUMINT), that we consider it a “must read.”  It may well be one of the most important DSB reports of the decade.  It inventories the mish-mash of endeavors that presume to collect, process, analyze, and exploit intelligence about humans and their social networks.  Reading between the lines, it is clear that a) DoD has no idea what it is doing in this area; and b) DoD has no bench, anywhere.  The report is beautifully put together and  provides a fine high-level review of the importance of leadership, inter-agency sharing and understanding, internal education, the importance of recovering lessons learned from the past and not lsing the hard-earned lessons re-learned.  We’ve had this report printed, it will be read more than once.  Of greatest interest from a Public Intelligence point of view as well as a HUMINT point of view (see our draft paper HUMAN INTELLIGENCE (HUMINT): All Humans, All Minds, All the Time), is the repeat–that’s important–they are repeating prior recommendation in prior repor(s) of the need for a Center for Global Engagement.  The downside is that this will become another Human Terrain Team (HTT) turd in the punchbowl.  However, if it were handled properly, as a sister element to the emerging Defense Intelligence Open Source Program (DIOSPO), and it were fully multinational as briefing to the Coalition Coordination Center (CCC) in Tampa, then it might be a huge help to the Secretary across all fronts including acquisition and Whole of Government Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Campaigning (PPBC).

HUMINT 101

HUMINT 101

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Mar 15

2008 Defense Science Board Report on Integrating Sensor-Collected Intelligence

There are five bottom-lines on remote sensors, this report addresses four of them:

1.  Managing sensors together adds value that cannot be achieved from advances in technology.

2.  Meta-tagging the data at source (something we recommended in 1988) enables a huge jump in both sensor processing and inter-sensor sense-making.

3.  All satellites are vulnerable to laser attacks generally, Chinese attacks specifically.

4.  Close-in matters more as hard targets get harder, deepeer, and more nuanced.

The report does not appear to address the complete lack of “full spectrum” processing.  We excel at “one of” multi-media integration efforts, we still cannot integrate all information in all mediums all the time, and especially not in near-real-time.

Sensor Data Integration

Sensor Data Integration

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Nov 15

2004 Defense Science Board Report on Transitions to and from Hostilities

This report has two bottom-lines, neither of which has been operatiionalized despite lip-service to making peace operations co-equal to war operations:

1.  Non-Governmental Organizations are the majority players now

2.  Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) is the common language

NGO OSINT Rules

Full Report Online

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Dec 15

2004 Defense Science Board Report on Strategic Communication

DoD to World

DoD to World

Strategic Communications became the buzzword of the decade, along with Information Operations (IO), and it is still sorting itself out.  We have a problem: you cannot manipulate perceptions much out of whack with reality–reality has a way of being pervasive, intrusive, compelling, and inevitable.  Still, this report was very important in part because it demonstrated how very little we know about the human beings and the societies we are trying to influence.  There are other contradictions, one of them humourously depicted to the left here, from our Strategic Communicators in SWA.

DoD to World

DoD to World

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Sep 15